American Society of Plastic Surgeons
For Medical Professionals
 

Ear Surgery

Otoplasty

Ear surgery, or otoplasty, improves the shape, position and proportion of the ear. It can correct a birth defect of the ear structure.

What words should I know about ear surgery?

Antihelical fold

A fold that is just inside the rim of the ear.

Conchal cartilage

The largest and deepest concavity of the external ear.

Constricted ear

Also called a lop or cup ear, has varying degrees of protrusion, reduced ear circumference, folding or flattening of the upper helical rim and lowered ear position.

Cryptotia

Also called hidden ear, occurs when the upper rim of the ear is buried beneath a fold of scalp secondary to abnormal folding of the upper ear cartilage toward the head. The folding is the reverse of that commonly seen in the protruding ear.

Ear axis

The main line of ear growth.

General anesthesia

Drugs and/or gases used during an operation to relieve pain and alter consciousness.

Intravenous sedation

Sedatives administered by injection into a vein to help you relax.

Macrotia

Overly large ears; a rare condition.

Microtia

The most complex congenital ear deformity when the outer ear appears as either a sausage-shaped structure resembling little more than the earlobe, or has more recognizable parts of the concha and tragus or other normal ear features. It may or may not be missing the external auditory or hearing canal. Hearing is impaired to varying degrees.

Otoplasty

A surgical procedure also known as ear surgery to improve the shape, position or proportion of the ear.

Stahl's ear

An ear that is distorted in shape due to an abnormal fold of cartilage.



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