American Society of Plastic Surgeons
For Medical Professionals


Microscope-Assisted Operations

Reconstructive microsurgery focuses on repairing intricate structures such as blood vessels and nerves less than a few millimeters in diameter.

What words should I know about microsurgery?


Blood vessel sending blood away from the heart.

Donor site

An area of your body where the surgeon harvests skin, fat, muscle, and/or bone to reconstruct another area of the body.

Free flap

Tissue isolated on specific blood supply that is removed from one area of the body and transplanted to another area of the body with vascular repair.

General anesthesia

Drugs and/or gases used during an operation to relieve pain and alter consciousness.


Blood pooling beneath the skin.

Intravenous sedation

Sedatives administered by injection into a vein to help you relax.

Local anesthesia

A drug is injected directly to the site of an incision during an operation to relieve pain.

Local flap

Tissue with an intact blood supply that is lifted from a donor site and moved to an adjacent recipient site without detaching blood vessels.


Reattachment of a limb or digit (finger) to its original position.

Skin graft

Healthy skin is removed from one area of the body and relocated to the wound site.


Narrowing of the blood vessels.


Blood vessel return blood to the heart.


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